· Happy is the person who says, "I am a Turk".
· As they have come, so they will go.
· One day my mortal body will turn to dust, but the Turkish Republic will stand forever.
· There are two Mustafa Kemal's. One is the flesh-and-bone Mustafa Kemal who now stands before you and who will pass away. The other is you, all of you here who will go to the far corners of our land to spread the ideals which must be defended with your lives if necessary. I stand for the nation's dreams, and my life's work is to make them come true.
· To see me does not necessarily mean to see my face. To understand my thoughts is to have seen me.
· I have been able to teach many things to this nation, but I haven't been able to teach how to be lackeys.
· Peace at home, peace in the world.
· I am not ordering you to attack, I am ordering you to die.
· This nation has not lived without her independence. She will not and cannot live without it. Liberty or death!
· Turkey's true master is the peasant.
· Do not be afraid of telling the truth.
· The Turkish Republic will be happy, prosperous and victorious.
· A healthy mind in a healthy body.
· Armies, your first goal is the Mediterranean. Forward !
· Our great ideal is to raise our nation to the highest standard of civilization and prosperity.
· Culture is the foundation of the Turkish Republic.
· Liberty and independence are my character.
· Victory is for those who can say "Victory is mine". Success is for those who can begin saying "I will succeed" and say "I have succeeded" in the end.
· Sovereignty is not given, it is taken.
· Authority, without any condition and reservation, belongs to the nation.
· Every nation as the right to demand proper treatment and no country should violate the territory of any other country.
· Teachers are the one and only people who save nations.
TURKEY’S GREAT LEADER
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK
Atatürk is the founder and the first president of the Turkish Republic. He was born in Selanik in 1881. His parents were Ali Rıza Efendi and Zübeyde Hanım and his sister was Makbule.
First he went to the school of Şemsi Efendi but he wanted to be a soldier. He entered to a Military School. He was a successful student. At this school, his Mathematics teacher’s name was also Mustafa. His teacher called him and gave the name of Kemal. Then he became Mustafa Kemal. “Kemal” means “perfection”.
On 16th May, 1919 he left İstanbul and arrived at Samsun on 19th May, 1919. On 23rd July, 1919, he was elected to the chairman of the Erzurum Congress and on 4th September, 1919, he was elected to the chairman of the Sivas Congress. On 23rd April, 1920 the Turkish Grand National Assembly was opened in Ankara.
The Turkish Army won the Independence War on 30th August, 1922. On 29th October, 1923 the Turkish Republic was founded and Mustafa Kemal became the first president.
On 24th November, 1934 Mustafa Kemal was given the surname “ATATÜRK”. He made a lot of social, economic and political reforms. Atatürk is the symbol of sovereignty and modernism.
At 9.05 on 10th November, 1938 Atatürk died in Dolmabahçe Palace in İstanbul.
ATATÜRK’S PRINCIPLES ATATÜRK İLKELERİ
1- REPUBLICANISM (CUMHURİYETÇİLİK)
2- POPULISM (HALKÇILIK)
3- SECULARISM (LAİKLİK)
4- STATISM (DEVLETÇİLİK)
5- NATIONALISM (MİLLİYETÇİLİK)
6- REFORMISM (İNKILÂPÇILIK)